UN Global Compact Throughout this report we have communicated our progress against the ten principles of the United Nations Global Compact focusing on human rights, labour practices, the environment and anti-corruption. The Global Compact is the largest corporate responsibility initiative in the world, with more than 10,000 participants from more than 130 countries. Transurban became a signatory to the Compact in 2009.
Currency and conversion All financial amounts are reported in Australian dollars unless otherwise stated. Figures in USD may have been converted to AUD using the exchange rate at 30 June 2014 (1 USD: 1.0609 AUD).
GHG emissions Transurban uses The Greenhouse Gas Protocol: A Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard (Revised Edition) to draw boundaries around emission sources when quantifying our Scope 1, Scope 2 and Scope 3 GHG emissions. Emission factors and calculation methodologies outlined in the Australian Government Department of Climate Change - National Greenhouse Accounts (NGA) Factors July 2012 are then applied to each data source.
For our US operations, we calculate Scope 1 GHG emissions using emission factors and calculation methodologies outlined by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for the calculation of GHG emissions from transportation and mobile sources.
The EPA’s eGRID2010 Version 1.1 (May 2011) Year 2007 Summary Tables are used to calculate Scope 2 GHG emissions. Transurban applies the GHG Protocol‘s air travel method and emission factors to individual flight details to generate our Scope 3 emissions associated with corporate air travel.
Australian Government NGA Factors July 2012 have been used to calculate Transurban’s Scope 3 emissions from waste, fuel use (for incident response and operations and maintenance vehicles), fuel refining and transport and electricity transmission and distribution losses. Emission factors for embodied energy in construction materials are sourced from SimaPro and the Australian LCA Dataset 2010.
Customer travel GHG emissions from our roadways were calculated using our traffic model developed in-house. The model uses traffic data that is extracted from our tolling system and represents actual trips along the roadway. The tolling system records information such as vehicle class and entry and exit points of vehicles, giving an accurate representation of vehicle types and trip lengths.
Travel speeds are an additional contributing factor in calculating GHG emissions. Our tolling systems on some of these roads time stamp each transaction, so it is possible to estimate average travel speeds for each individual trip. For roads with only single toll points – such as the Eastern Distributor – we have used surveyed average travel speeds.
Fuel type is also important in the calculation of GHG emissions. Vehicle fuel type is estimated from information on fleet mix and fuel type for each state and city documented in the 2014 motor vehicle census.
Transurban’s in-house traffic model uses the above information and applies emission factors sourced from the University of South Australia that are sensitive to average travel speeds to calculate the GHG emissions from customer vehicles on the specified Australian roads.